Guide for Authors

Research papers: The usual format for research papers is:

  1. Cover letter
  2. Title page  
  3. New Findings (research highlights)
  4. Abstract
  5. Keywords
  6. Introduction
  7. Methods
  8. Results
  9. Discussion
  10. Acknowledgments
  11. References
  12. Tables
  13. Figures and legends
  14. Supplemental data 

These are normally limited to 6,000 words excluding legends and references. Papers should embrace the journal's orientation of translation and integration.

Papers deviating from the usual format can be considered for publication if there are obvious and compelling reasons for the variation. Footnotes are not acceptable.

Cover letter

A letter must accompany the manuscript, and it must contain the following elements. Please provide these elements in the order listed

Manuscript title

Name of the corresponding author

Names of all other co-authors

Type of manuscript (Letter to editor, Article, Invited Feature Article, Invited Perspective, Comment (includes replies to Comments), and Additions/Corrections).

A paragraph explaining why your manuscript is appropriate for JJP.



If the manuscript was previously submitted to any other journal provide the name of the journal, the manuscript number, an explanation of the basis for the rejection, and a statement granting JJP permission to obtain the editor’s decision letter and reviews for the rejected manuscript. Also indicate if the newly submitted manuscript has been revised based on the previous reviews. If so, provide a detailed response to each reviewer’s comments.

The names and contact information, including e-mail addresses, of three possible reviewers

A statement confirming the manuscript, or its contents in some other form, has not been published previously by any of the authors and/or is not under consideration for publication in another journal at the time of submission.

Title page
The title page should include Title/ Running title/Authors/Addresses/Additional information as listed below.

Title: The title should normally contain no more than 180 characters (including spaces) and running title also contains no more than 80 characters. Include the species, tissue, organ or system if this is important in the context of the findings. Avoid specialist abbreviations if possible. Titles should be drafted carefully to indicate broadly what the paper is about to all Jundishpur Journal of Physiology readers, including those who are not specialists in the field.

Authors: The author submitting the manuscript must ensure that all persons designated as authors qualify for authorship, and that all those who qualify are listed.
Each listed author must have contributed to the following aspects of the study;
1. Conception and design of the experiments
2. Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data
3. Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
All listed authors must approve the final version of the manuscript.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, these contributions to the study should be listed in the Acknowledgements.
If you are in any doubt about qualification for authorship please contact the JJP Publications office.

Information such as 'X and Y have contributed equally to this work' may be added as a footnote on the title page.

Addresses: Authors should provide the minimum address information consistent with clarity and should ensure that author affiliations are clearly indicated.

Additional information: The following information is also required on the title page:

  • a running title not exceeding 80 characters and spaces for page headings;
  • six keywords for use in the reviewing process
  • the total number of words in the paper, excluding references and figure legends
  • the name and postal and email addresses for the corresponding author
  • the subject area as assigned in the online submission form ( for the print and online Table of Contents.

New Findings (Research highlights)
Authors are required to complete at least two ‘New findings’ boxes on the submission form using no more than 100 words in total distributed between the answers to two questions.
For Research articles:
1. What is the central question of this study?
2. What is the main finding and its importance?
For Review articles (including Symposium Reports):
1. What is the topic of this review?
2. What advances does it highlight?
This information will influence editorial handling of the manuscript.

Please include your new findings questions and answers in your submitted manuscript file as bullet points above the abstract where they will be published if your article is accepted for publication.
Please see New Findings examples in a manuscript submitted with the following title:
Cerebroprotection of gallic acid on cognitive and electrophysiological deficits in rats with cerebral ischemia/reperfusion'.

What is the central question of this study?
Is the gallic acid (GA) improves cognitive and hippocampal electrophysiological deficits after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion? Is the effect of GA comparable with phenytoin after cerebral ischemia?  

What is the main finding and its importance?
Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion is associated with behavioral and electrophysiological impairments although the mechanisms through stress oxidative and free radicals formation followed by apoptosis and oral administration of gallic acid (GA) exerted significant neuroprotection effect while this agent can't improve behavioral and electrophysiological properties in intact (normal) subjects. GA (100 mg/kg) is more potent than phenytoin following ischemia/reperfusion rats.

This should be in one unnumbered paragraph that accurately reflects the contents of the paper and makes clear the physiological significance of the work, the problem addressed the nature of the results, and the principal conclusions; authors are expected to conclude the summary by explaining the conceptual novelty and the broader physiological importance of their work. Results should be presented quantitatively where appropriate, together with the statistical significance, and the conclusions indicated. References may not be cited. Since the Abstract may be used by abstracting services, a limit of 250 words is recommended. It must not exceed 5 % of the text (excluding references and figure legends), with an absolute maximum of one printed page.

The authors should insert keywords (maximum five words) at the end of the abstract on the base of MESH Browser (see

The Introduction should make the background and the object of the research clear, indicate the justification for the work and be understandable to the non-specialist. Reference to the authors’ previous work is desirable only if it has a direct bearing on the subject of the paper; an extensive historical review is not appropriate.

Methods are described once only and do not appear in the legends to figures and tables. Details should be sufficient to allow the work to be repeated by others.

Ethical information: Start the Methods section with a paragraph headed ‘Ethical approval’. This paragraph must contain the following information:

  1. The name of the national or local ethics committee that approved the project and the relevant regulations governing all the studies described in the paper.
  2. If experiments were conducted on humans, confirmation that informed consent was obtained, preferably in writing, that the studies conformed to the standards set by the latest revision of the Declaration of Helsinki, and that the procedures were approved by a properly constituted ethics committee, which should be named.

When describing experimental protocols, the recommendations should be followed. The following information must be provided:

  1. The numbers of animals studied.
  2. In accord with the earlier section ‘Ethical standards’, all details concerning anesthesia, including:
    a. Generic name of the agents, with dose and route of administration.
    b. Route and frequency of any supplemental doses.
    c. When neuromuscular blocking agents are used, the criteria used for giving supplemental doses. The Results section should give a summary of these doses.
  3. In studies of isolated tissues, including cell cultures, details of the methods by which these tissues were obtained, including the method of anesthesia or killing.

Ethical information must be included for each manuscript. It is not sufficient to refer to previous publications for details, unless the paper is one of a series published in the same issue. Where appropriate, lists of solutions, chemicals and equipment, and an explanation of data handling procedures may be given as separate headed paragraphs. The maker’s name should be given for all standard and non-standard chemicals, apparatus and equipment. Materials known by a trade name, e.g. Sigma, have the initial letter as a capital. The Latin names as well as the common name of non-mammalian species should be given.

Data are often better presented graphically than in tables. Graphs that show individual values are better than solid bars indicating a mean value, unless the number of observations is large, in which case a box and whisker plot can be used. Authors should ensure that their data are treated correctly and seek statistical advice if necessary.
Analysis of variance (ANOVA), not t-tests, should be used for multiple comparisons; parametric and non-parametric statistics should be used appropriately, and particular care should be taken with means and errors if data have been transformed onto a logarithmic scale.
Standard deviation and standard error of the mean should be specified and used appropriately, as measures of dispersion and precision of a summary value, and given with a suitable number of significant figures; then value should be stated.
Tests of significance should be specified on each occasion and in full, e.g. Student's paired t-test.
Theory and inference must be clearly distinguished from what was observed, and should not be elaborated upon in this section.

The Discussion, which follows the results section, should be separate from it. The assumptions involved in making inferences from the experimental results should be stated. The Discussion should not merely recapitulate the results. Authors should provide a succinct conclusion to their work and are encouraged to conclude the discussion by expressing an opinion on the relevance of the results in the context of work cited in the paper.


The paper should conclude with a list of the papers and books cited in the text. Authors should avoid an excessive number of references. Normally about 50 or less should be adequate. The order of references is strictly alphabetical, regardless of chronology (Euro J Neuroscience style is acceptable).

Use only established abbreviated journal titles. See PubMed journals database.

To download the current references style for use with EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, BibTeX and Ref Works go to;579/2/289

DOIs for articles in press. Many journals now publish articles online ahead of print. This initial posting to the web qualifies as publication and the citation of such articles should include the DOI (digital object identifier) if the article's full publication details have not yet been assigned:

Ảberg, M.A., Ảberg, N.D., Hedbacker, H., Oscarsson, J. & Eriksson, P.S. (2000) Peripheral infusion of IGF-I selectively induces neurogenesis in the adult rat hippocampus. J.  Neurosci., 20, 2896-2903

Barnes, C.A. (1979) Memory deficits associated with senescence: a neurophysiological and behavioral study in the rat.  J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 93, 74–104.

Burnley, M., Roberts, C.L., Thatcher, R., Doust, J.H. & Jones, A.M. (2006). Influence of blood donation on O2uptake on-kinetics, peak O2 uptake and time to exhaustion during severe-intensity cycle exercise in humans. Exp Physiol; DOI: 10.1113/expphysiol.2005.032805.

In the text, references should be made by giving the author and the year of publication in parentheses, e.g. (Farbood, 2012), except when the author’s name is part of the sentence, e.g. ‘Farbood (2012) showed that . . . ’. Where several references are given together they are in chronological order, separated by semicolons, e.g. (Dianat, 2012; Shahrani, 2010; Mard, 2011).

References cited as being ‘in presses must have been accepted for publication, and the name of the journal or publisher included in the reference list.

The format for references to papers and books, and to chapters in books, is as follows: Attention to punctuation is required.

Citing References in the Text

Whenever citing a reference in the text source, it is made with its author’s surname and the year of publication is to be inserted in the text. Choose from the listed below to see examples:

      •  Citing the author in the text
      •  Using direct quotes
      •  Citing works by more than one author
      •  Citing works by three or more authors
      •  Citing a chapter of section
      •  Citing an organization
      •  Citing works by the same author written in the same year
      •  Citing secondary sources

Citing the Author in the Text
Gallic acid is a potent antioxidant (Hashemi, 2013).
If the author’s name occurs naturally in the sentence the year is given in brackets.
Hashemi (2013) asserted that gallic acid is a potent antioxidant.

Using Direct Quotes
If you quote directly from a source, you must insert the author’s name, date of publication and the page number of the quotation. The grape seed extract is a potent antioxidant, about 50 times more than vitamins A and C (Farbood, 2009).

Citing works by more than one Author
If your source has two authors, you should include both names in the text.
Anderson and Poole (1998) note that a “narrow line often separates plagiarism from good scholarship.”

Citing works by three or more Authors
If there are three or more authors, you should include the first-named author and then add ‘et al.’ in italics followed by a full stop. This is an abbreviation of ‘et alia’ which means ‘and others’ in Latin.
In the Iran, many research projects on herbal medicine were designed during two years ago (Badavi et al., 2006).

Citing Chapter or Section
When referring to a chapter or section which is part of a larger work, you should cite the author of the chapter not the editor of the whole work.
The sea level has risen by approximately 10cm in the last 100 years (Mason, 1999)

Citing an Organization
If an organization or company (e.g., Department of Health, Arcadia Group Limited) is named as the author of a work rather than a person, you should cite their names. Make sure that you use the same version of the organization's name in both the Text and List of references (e.g., always use ‘Department of Health’, don’t abbreviate to ‘DoH’).
Spain became a member of the United Nations in 1955 (United Nations, 2000).

Citing Secondary Sources
When citing secondary sources (i.e., an author refers to a work which you have not read) cite the secondary source, but include the name of the author and date of publication of the original source in the text.

Only the secondary source should be listed in your list of references. You should only cite secondary sources if you are unable to read the original source yourself.

Kaushal (2008) notes that Excitatory amino acid toxicity, oxidative stress, intracellular calcium overload, as well as inflammation and apoptosis, are involved in the pathological process after cerebral ischemic reperfusion injury (cited in Guo et al., 2010, p. 43).

List of References

The list of references appears at the end of your work and gives the full details of everything that you have cited in the text in alphabetical order by the author’s surname.
All sources must be referred in a consistent manner. Choose from the list of sources below, the examples given; provide a guide to the format and punctuation you should use.

• Journal (Print)
• Journal (Electronic)
• Book
• Book Chapter

Journal Article (Print)

1. Author’s surname, Initial
2. Publication Year
3. Article Title
4. Name of Journal (in standard abbreviation)
5. Volume (Issue)
6. Starting Pages
7. Ending Pages
8. Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
9. Direct link of the published article

Kaushal V, Schlichter LC (2008). Mechanisms of microglia-mediated neurotoxicity in a new model of the stroke penumbra. J Neurosci. 28:2221-2230. DOI: …; PMID...;

Journal Article (Electronic)

1. Author’s surname, Initial
2. Publication Year
3. Article Title
4. Name of Journal (in standard abbreviation)
5. Volume (Issue)
6. Page Numbers (if applicable)
7. Available at
8. Accessed on (enter date you viewed the article)
9. Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Brittion, A (2006). How much and how often should we drink? Br. Med. J., 332: 1224-1225.
Available from: [Accessed 2 June 2006].

• Author/Editor’s Surname and initials
• Year of publication
• Title of Book
• Edition (if applicable)
• Place of publication: (followed by a colon)
• Name of publisher
• ISBN Number

Anderson, J., and M. Poole (1998). Assignment and thesis writing. 3re Edn., John While and Sons.

Book Chapter
• Author/Editor’s Surname and initials
• Year of publication
• Title of Chapter
• In: (enter editor’s surname and initials)
• Book Title
• Edition (if applicable)
• Place of publication: (followed by a colon)
• Name of publisher
• Page number

Mason, J (1999). Recent Developments in the Prediction of Global Warming. In: Energy Demand and Planning, McVeigh, J.C. and J.G. Morgue, (Eds.). E&FN Spon., pp: 34-52.

Allen DG, Lannergren J & Westerblad H (2013). Muscle cell function during prolonged activity: cellular mechanisms of fatigue. AJP 80, 497–527.

Adrian ED (1932). The Mechanism of Nervous Action. Humphrey Milford, London.

Buchan AMJ, Bryant MG, Polak JM, Gregor M, Ghatei MA & Bloom SR (1981). Development of regulatory peptides in the human fetal intestine. In Gut Hormones, 2nd ed, ed. Bloom SR & Polak JM, pp. 119–124. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh.

Tables should be used sparingly. They should be referred to in the text by Arabic numerals, e.g. Table 1. Each table should have its own self-explanatory title. The same information should not be presented in both tabular and graphical forms. Tables will be processed as text and therefore should NOT be submitted as figures.

Figures and legends
Each figure should be given a number and a title and be accompanied by a legend that makes it comprehensible without reference to the text, although undue repetition should be avoided.

Authors are encouraged to submit colored illustrations particularly when they enhance the scientific value of the paper.

All articles will be published online only.

Authors are also encouraged to supply the names of up to five referees with their e-mail addresses and telephone and fax number (international scientists are preferred). 

Supplemental data
To facilitate compliance with NIH Guidelines of Jundishpur Journal of Experimental Physiology authors who wish to do so can upload a supplemental data file containing the individual results represented in the published figures or tables as means (±SEM/SD) or medians (± interquartile range). The files should be clearly labeled and will not be peer-reviewed.

Authors are also encouraged to include figures, videos, 3-D structures/images that may substantially enhance the importance of the research and be of benefit to readers, but which is not essential for the understanding of the paper.
Where figures from previous publications are used permission needs to be obtained (even if these have been redrawn).

Authors must not modify photographic images to enhance their data. Authors are required to store original image data for 5 years following publication and to provide these files to The Jundishpur Journal publication office if requested. Inquiries should be addressed to the Publications Office (

Cover Figures
Authors are encouraged to provide a figure for possible use on the cover although there is no guarantee that it will be selected. It need not necessarily appear in the paper but should be related to it. It should be uploaded as a supplementary file and referred to in the cover letter. The figure must not have appeared or been submitted elsewhere. The most effective figures for use on the cover are simple (all labeling is removed) and colorful.  

Ethical Guidelines/Editorial Policy

Papers must be submitted with the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by or any other publisher. The submitting (Corresponding) author is responsible for ensuring that the article's publication has been approved by all the other co-authors. It is also the authors' responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular institution are submitted with the approval of the necessary institution. Only an acknowledgment from the editorial office officially establishes the date of receipt. Further correspondence and proofs will be sent to the corresponding author(s) before publication unless otherwise indicated. It is a condition for submission of a paper that the authors permit editing of the paper for readability. All inquiries concerning the publication of accepted papers should be addressed to

About Authorship
Authorship is an explicit way of assigning responsibility and giving credit for intellectual work. The two are linked. Authorship practices should be judged by how honestly they reflect actual contributions to the final product. Authorship is important to the reputation, academic promotion, and grant support of the individuals involved as well as to the strength and reputation of their institution.

Disputes sometimes arise about who should be listed as authors of an intellectual product and the order in which they should be listed. When disagreements over authorship arise, they can take a substantial toll on the goodwill, effectiveness, and reputation of the individuals involved and their academic community. Many such disagreements result from misunderstanding and failed communication among colleagues and might have been prevented by a clear, early understanding of standards for authorship that are shared by the academic community as a whole.

Jundishapur Journal of Physiology (JJP) requires all authors of a research paper to sign the letter of submission and an order on the list of authors. Submission to JJP is taken by the journal to mean that all the listed authors have agreed all of the contents. The corresponding (submitting) author is responsible for having ensured that this agreement has been attained and for managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors, before and after publication. Any change to the authors' list after submission, such as a change in the order of the authors or the deletion or addition of authors needs to be approved by a signed letter from the corresponding author.

Minimum Requirements for Authorship
All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. One or more authors should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article.

Authorship credit should be based only on:


a)  substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data and


  final approval of the version to be published.

Conditions a and b must be met. Acquisition of funding, the collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship.

Authors should provide a description of what each contributed, and editors should publish that information. All others who contributed to the work who are not authors should be named in the Acknowledgments, and what they did should be described.

Acknowledgments and Disclosures
Acknowledgments should be the minimum consistent with courtesy. The wording of acknowledgments of scientific assistance or advice must have been seen and approved by the persons concerned. Authors must indicate the source of their funding.
They should also disclose any conflict of interest in accordance with journal policy

Minimum Requirements for Acknowledgments
List all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.

Groups of persons who have contributed materially to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be listed under a heading such as "clinical investigators" or "participating investigators," and their function or contribution should be described, e.g., "served as scientific advisors," "critically reviewed the study proposal," "collected data," or "provided and cared for study". Because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions, all persons must have given written permission to be acknowledged.

Co-author contributions
Authors are strongly encouraged to include a statement in the endnotes to specify the actual contribution of each co-author to the completed work. JJP allows two co-authors to be specified as having contributed equally to the work being described. Author contribution statement should be clear like the following example:

Sarkaki A., Mansouri MT., Farbood Y. and Rafieirad M. developed the concept and designed experiments.

Badavi M. and Dianat M.  Performed forced exercise treadmill.

Saki GH. Carried out confocal microscopy and advised on cell count.

 Faraji F. performed thyroid hormones assays and blood sampling.

Mard A. and Samarbafzadeh S. Quantified gene expression.

Inflammatory factors measurement was performed by Mirshekar MA., Khodadadi A., and Mashhadizadeh S.

Sarkaki carried out experiments with PoweLab data acquisition.

 Fathimoghaddam H. and Ahangarpour A. conducted all bioinformatics analyses.

About Peer-Review
Jundishapur Journal of Physiology (JJP) aims at rapid publication of high-quality research while maintaining rigorous but sympathetic peer review process. Manuscripts (other than those that are of insufficient quality or unlikely to be competitive enough for publication) will be peer-reviewed by three or more experts in the fields, and a decision is returned to the authors as soon (less than three months). If due to special circumstances, the review process takes more time, authors will be informed by email. Manuscripts with significant results will be reviewed and published at the highest priority and speed. Possible decisions on a manuscript are:

• accepted as it is
• accepted after minor revision
• accepted after major revision
• rejected

If minor revision is required, authors should return a revised version as soon as possible within 15 days. If major revision is required, authors should return a revised version within 25 -30 days.

About Duplicate publication
Material submitted to JJP must be original and not published or submitted for publication elsewhere. Authors submitting a contribution to JJP who have related material under consideration or in press elsewhere should upload a clearly marked copy at the time of submission and draw the editor's attention to it in their cover letter. If a part of a contribution that an author wishes to submit to JJP has appeared or will appear elsewhere, the author must specify the details in the cover letter. Consideration by the JJP is possible if the main result, conclusion, or implications are not apparent from the other work, or if there are other factors, for example, if the other work is published in a language other than English.  

The author is responsible to get permission from the previous publisher or copyright holder if an author is re-using any part of the paper (i.e. figure or figures) published elsewhere, or that is copyrighted.
The editors consider all material in good faith that their journals have full permission to publish every part of the submitted material including illustrations.

About Plagiarism

Plagiarism is the use or close imitation of the language and ideas of another author and representation of them as one's own original work. Duplicate publication, sometimes called self-plagiarism, occurs when an author re-uses substantial parts of his or her own published work without providing the appropriate references. This can range from getting an identical paper published in multiple journals, where authors add small amounts of new data to a previous paper.

Plagiarism can be said to have clearly occurred when large chunks of text have been cut and pasted. Such manuscripts would not be considered for publication in Journals. But minor plagiarism without dishonest intent is relatively frequent, for example when an author re-uses parts of an introduction from an earlier paper. The editors will judge any case of which they become aware (either by their own knowledge of and reading about the literature, or when alerted by referees) on its own merits.

If a case of plagiarism comes to light after a paper is published in JJP, the journal will conduct a preliminary investigation. If plagiarism is found, the journal will contact the author's institute and funding agencies. A determination of misconduct will lead the Journal to run a statement, bidirectionally linked online to and from the original paper, to note the plagiarism and to provide a reference to the plagiarized material. The paper containing the plagiarism will also be obviously marked on each page of the PDF. Depending on the extent of the plagiarism, the paper may also be formally retracted.


Ethical Procedure

JJP reviewers have a responsibility to report suspected duplicate publication, fraud, plagiarism, or concerns about animal or human experimentation to the editor. A reviewer may recognize and report that he/she is refereeing, or has recently refereed, a similar or identical paper for another journal by the same author(s). Readers may report that they have seen the same article elsewhere, or authors may see their own published work being plagiarized. In all cases we address ethical concerns diligently following an issue-specific standard practice as summarized below.

The first action of the journal Editor is to inform the Editorial Office of JJP by supplying copies of 1) the relevant material and 2) a draft letter to the corresponding author asking for an explanation in a nonjudgmental manner. The Editorial Office must approve any correspondence before it is sent to the author. If the author’s explanation is unacceptable and it seems that serious unethical conduct has taken place, the matter is referred to the Publication Committee via Editorial Office.  After deliberation, the Committee will decide whether the case is sufficiently serious to warrant a ban on future submissions to, and serving as a reviewer for, JJP and/or whether the offending author’s institution should be informed. The decision has to be approved by the Executive Cabinet of the JJP Council, and the author has the right to appeal a sanction, with the opportunity to present his/her position.

If the infraction is less severe, the Editor, upon the advice of the Publication Committee, sends the author a letter of reprimand and reminds the author of JJP publication policies; if the manuscript has been published, the Editor may require the author to publish an apology in the journal to correct the record. If, through the author’s actions, JJP has violated the copyright of another journal, the Publication Committee writes a letter of apology to the other journal.

In serious cases of fraud that result in retraction of the article, a retraction notice will be published in the journal and will be linked to the article in the online version. The online version will also be marked as “retracted” with the retraction date.


Submission of New Manuscript

Manuscript should be submitted electronically to Jundishpur Journal of Physiology (JJP) to facilitate rapid publication. All manuscripts should be submitted through the online submission system ( A user ID and password for the site can be obtained on first use. Online submission ensures the quickest possible review and allows authors to track the progress of their papers. It is recommended that text files are uploaded as Microsoft Word documents files and figures as JPEG, GIF or TIFF files. Authors should read Guide to Authors carefully before submission of their manuscripts.

Note: In order to submit a new manuscript to JJP, you must be a registered user of AJUMS JOURNALS via (, if you do not register, please register before you submit a new manuscript.

Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted. The submitting author takes responsibility for the paper during submission and peer review. If for some technical reason submission through the online submission system is not possible, the author may contact the editorial office for help via e-mail (


Note: Please note that papers will not be considered for review and will be returned to authors if the completed cover letter is not sent to the Editorial Assistant on submission or it is found that the cover letter has not been included in the text of the submission (the blank form of cover letter available from JJP web site).



Abbreviations and Units

Generally, units must be abbreviated according to the International System of Units (SI units). Below you find examples of abbreviations of the most commonly used SI units:

Base quantity















Electric current




square meter



cubic meter





It is important to maintain the capital letters and lower case letters as they appear in the abbreviation to avoid confusion with other abbreviations.


Final Proof Corrections and Submission

The next step in the publication process involves reviewing the galley proofs for your article. Please return the checked galley proofs via e-mail ( or via online submission system within 72 hours of receipt. Late return of galley proofs may mean postponement to a later issue. Please make a copy of the corrected proofs before returning them; keep the copy for your records.

This step is entirely the responsibility of the corresponding author. The galley proofs will not be read by editorial staff. Errors that you fail to mark will be published.

The corresponding author of an accepted manuscript will receive e-mail notification and complete instructions when page proofs are available for review via a secure Web site. Final proof will be provided in Portable document format (PDF) files of the typeset pages. The attention of the authors is directed to the instructions which accompany the proof, especially the requirement that all corrections, revisions, and additions be entered on the proof and not on the manuscript.

Note that you are being asked to correct errors, not to revise the paper. Extensive alteration may require Editorial Board approval, possibly delaying publication.

Please follow these guidelines when reviewing the galley proofs:

Mark your corrections, in red ink, directly on the galley proofs. Make sure that your corrections are noticeable and easy to understand.

Check all type on the galley proofs. Check the title, the abbreviations list, and the author–paper documentation paragraph.

Check the table data against that in your original tables.

Check any equations against those in your original manuscript. Make sure special characters have not dropped out.

Check to be sure that figures are entirely legible, including any small-print text.

If you find an error, look again at the lines around the error. Mistakes tend to cluster.

Submission of Final Proof Corrections

The next step in the publication process is to submit finally checked galley proof.  Take the following steps to provide the final proof corrections:

  1. Scan only those pages marked with corrections.
  2. Save each scanned page in JPG format.
  3. Submit all scanned pages via online submission system  OR
  4. Submit all scanned pages via e-mail to
  5. Write the statement like “No modification on page number 1, 2, 3, 7, 8” about the pages required no corrections.  

Note: If you are completely satisfied from the final proof, just inform to the Editorial Office about your satisfaction via e-mail or via online submission system. Only on the receipt of your final satisfaction opinion, Editorial Office will send your article for final publication.